Spanish Past Tense Verbs – How to Conjugate the Present Perfect Tense

The present perfect tense is used to describe actions and events that started in the past and that are still continuing in the present. Let’s take a look at how this tense is conjugated.

To Have (Present tense) plus Past Participle

Take a look at how this tense is used in the English language:

Mike has played well this season.

In this instance, the verb “has played” is conjugated in the present perfect tense. That’s because it illustrates an action or event that began in the past. But it also illustrates an action or event that is continuing in the present. In other words, “this season” is not over.

You will also find that this tense s used to express an action that has commenced in the past but does not refer to a specific or concrete time. To illustrate, let’s take another look at an example using this tense.

Roberto ha estudiado muy poco.

(Robert has studied very little. )

In the above phrase, the English verb “has studied” is in the present perfect to indicate that Robert studied in the past. But it is also implied that a specific and concrete time as to when this has occurred has not been determined. To increase your understanding of this tense, let’s take a look at the present tense forms of the verb “haber” which is used to form the present perfect tense:

Yo he (I have) nosotros hemos (we have)

tú has (you have) ellos han (they have)

él ha (he has) ellas han (they have)

Ella ha (she has) ustedes han (you have)

Usted ha (you have)

However, keep in mind that in addition to the verb “haber” conjugated in the present tense, you will also need to include the past participle of the target verb to form the present perfect in Spanish.

How to Avoid Bankruptcy – How Bankruptcy Can Be Avoided With Debt Negotiation

The term Bankruptcy is itself considered nothing but loss from both the lenders and the borrowers’ point of view. This is the most traditional and the old way for the settlement of debts but there are many complications and hardships related with this method. That is the reason, why people are not encouragingly to opt for this method. Even the banks and the financial institutions do not want their customers to file for bankruptcy because in this way, they will not get any thing. No doubts that filling for bankruptcy help the person in coming out from the stress of financial instability in very short spans of time but in the long run, they will face a lot of problems and difficulties. One of the greatest problems they will face for next many years is that they will not be authorized to get any financial aid from banks.

Bankruptcy can only be avoided if the person goes for debt negotiation process. Debt negotiation is the best alternative of bankruptcy. Process of negotiation is very easy and less time taking that is why, many people are opting for this. Many professional negotiation firms are working and person can hire their services easily and conveniently. No doubts that the fees of these firms are a bit high but as long as the person is getting the benefit of elimination in the debts, this high fee does not matter. In the process of debt negotiation, the financial experts of negotiation firms talk with the lenders on the behalf of the borrowers. The aim of these negotiations is to make the lenders realize about the bad financial condition of the borrower from which he is going through. As these experts are so trained, they easily have the ability to convince the lender for the terms and conditions of the negotiation. By the help of debt negotiation, person is able to get almost 50% reductions in the amount of unsecured debts and the remaining will be paid by them as per the financial condition of the borrower.

Bankruptcy can only be avoided, if the person hires the services of the debt settlement or the debt negotiation firm. Even the banks and the financial institution are encouraging the individuals to select debt negotiation rather than filling for bankruptcy

Guide To Business Negotiating DVD by Roger Dawson

Business negotiations are so powerful, according to Roger Dawson, that nothing affects a business’ bottom line more. In the Guide to Business Negotiating DVD, Roger Dawson discusses his experience with and gives advice on how you can bring more to the table in your business and increase your profits by learning power negotiation tactics.

Whether you’re an independent salesman or large organization, you can benefit by listening to the Guide to Business Negotiating DVD if for no other reason than to learn lessons to share with others. Ultimately, however, your entire goal should be to improve your communication skills and utilize the negotiation tactics Roger Dawson talks about.

Nibbling and What it Has To Do with Negotiating

One of the most important principles that Roger Dawson discusses is the principle of “nibbling” during negotiations. He gives an example of his own high school daughter asking him to pay for an all-expense paid trip to Europe, but instead of asking for everything at once, she asked for what she needed a little at a time.

As a power negotiator, the Guide to Business Negotiating DVD reinforces this principle you need to stick by to be an effective negotiator. This can be an effective tool if you need to up-sell service contracts or extended warranties for products you’re selling to a customer. Roger talks about why the principle of “nibbling” is possible, that the mind always works to reinforce the decision the customer has made. In this way, you can get people to agree to things they wouldn’t have agreed to earlier.

When Are Customers Vulnerable?

The Guide to Business Negotiating DVD also discusses the timing that power negotiators wait for in order to influence others. Roger Dawson tells you the exact point at which customers are vulnerable, the point at which you’re vulnerable as well. He tells you ways to counteract and prevent deals from falling through the cracks and ways to make sure that you negotiate the deals–in your favor–with customers.

How to Power Negotiate

The author of the book does not simply review tricks you can use to learn to power negotiate, but you learn how to communicate during your negotiation sessions with customers, suppliers or whoever it may be that you’re in negotiations with. For example, the Guide to Business Negotiating DVD gives you counter-strategies you can use to make deals, how to make customers feel good about giving into you and what you need to do to make sure that the customer agrees to your request.

At the end of your negotiation deals, Roger makes a point that you should never gloat about making the deal, but always congratulate the customer on the deal he made. This not only leaves the customer with a good impression of you, but it also strokes their ego and helps them feel good about the deal they just made.

The Guide to Business Negotiating DVD details numerous power negotiation strategies you can use in your everyday work routine and communications with customers. The implication Roger Dawson makes about the effects of incorporating negotiation skills into your business is a huge one. Whether you’re a commissioned salesperson who needs to increase his commission check or an organization that needs to make a dramatic change in the way it does business with customers, Roger Dawson and his Guide to Business Negotiating DVD can help.